Essay on 08 Commercial Revolution 1

Submitted By omgthisiscool
Words: 361
Pages: 2

Changes in
Medieval
Society

Main Idea
Between 1000 & 1300, the feudal system declined as agriculture, trade, finance, towns & universities developed.

An Agricultural Economy Developed
• Population growth in the 10th century created a demand for more land. New lands were cleared.
• Improved agricultural techniques increased productivity.
• Three-field system – crop rotation
• more abundant harvests

• Diversity of domesticated animals Agricultural Technology Improved
• Old technologies improved
• Expansion of watermills
• Steel plows
• New technologies
• Horseshoe & horse collar
• New crops like wheat, rice, spinach, artichokes, eggplant, lemons, limes, oranges & melon
• Increased the amount of land cultivators could work & the speed at which work was performed New Technologies Spread
• News traveled quickly throughout Europe in books on household economics & agricultural methods. Written in vernacular languages for lay readers, books published innovations, which led to increased agricultural productivity.
• Vernacular: the everyday speech of the people
• Lay: those who are not members of the clergy

The Population Expanded
Year

Population
(in millions)

800

29

1000

36

1100

44

1200

58

1300

79

The increased food supply fuelled a demographic explosion.

Planned & Organic
Towns Developed

• Population growth rise of larger organic & planned towns • Planned (Grid, Concentric) &
Organic
• Concentric: having a common center Right: example of concentric circles

The Commercial
Revolution

• Commercial Revolution: expansion of trade & business that transformed European economies during the 16 th
& 17th century
• New joint business practices
• Insurance…