The belief that where was a “first” creation destroyed be the fall of Satan is the Gap Theory. It serves to reconcile the age of Earth as calculated by evolutionists with the true age found by Creationists. The theistic evolution theory is based on the belief that evolution existed but was directed by God. Which example is based on the belief that each day was a longer time period? Day Age Theory This interpretation attempts to harmonize a Creator God with an old universe. It attempts to fit scientific evidence for an old universe with Scripture. Progressive creationism Antediluvian Refers to Earth time previous to the Flood. Postdiluvian refers to Earth time after the Flood. Why are there tropical plant fossils in Antarctica? Before the Flood it was warm. The age of Earth based on Biblical events is 6,000 Somatic stem cells come from body tissue. Sometimes they are called adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells come from human embroys. A clone is an exact genetic duplicate of a molecule, cell, or complete organism. Biotechnology is the use of living organisms to create products or facilitate the production of products. Domain Mandate is God's command in Genesis 1:28 that requires man to subdue the Earth and be a good steward of its resources. Recombinant DNA is the DMA modified by joining specifc segments of DNA from different sources. Genetic Engineering Is the manipulation of genes by methods other than normal reproduction. Natural Clones are organisms produced by asexual reproduction. Budding is an example. Artificial Clones are produced with help from man. Seedless bananas are an example. An advantage of cloning is production of genetically identical animals for research A disadvantage of cloning is generic variability decreases An example of natural human cloning is identical twins Restrictive enzymes cut DNA at specific points to make recombinant DNA possible A use of recombinant DNA is to produce insulin An example of a dominant mutation is dwarfism Gene expression starts with the transcription of the DNA molecule. Gene expression is the activation or turning on of a gene that results in its transcription and the production of a specific protein. Cellular diffraction is the specialization of cells in a developing organism. What kind of cancer s[reads throughout the body? Malign What kind of cancer does not spread though the body? Benign Female ducks have the same genes for brightly colored feathers as male ducts, but are less colorful. What causes this? The expression of the genes if limited by sex hormones. Radiation, chemicals, and biological factors are examples of carcinogens Most carcinogens are also mutagens which alter the genetic code. Gene therapy is an attempt to cure genetic disease. Genetic diseases are inherited Down syndrome is caused by Trysomey on the 21st chromosome. A genome is a complete haploid set of chromosomes in an organism. Only one pair of homologous chromosome pair exists in this condition monosomy A trinaploid organism has three complete sets of chromosomes. A triploid organism has four complete sets of chromosomes. Trysomey is an abnormal condition in which there are three chromosomes in a set instead of two. Which condition produces haploid offspring? Parthenogenesis How can triploid plants be useful? They produce seedless plants. Irish potatoes and cultivated cotton are examples of crops that are tretploid. During inversion a segment breaks off and the genes are re-attachable in reverse order. Deletion is the loss of a segment of a chromosome. Sometime allows harmful recessive traits to be expressed because the corresponding dominate trait is missing. Translocation is the exchange of genetic importation during meiosis between non-homologous chromosomes Somatic mutations occur in the body cells or an…
Biology Honors Study Guide
All organisms are interdependent, and humans are organisms.
In order to understand life on earth and the future of humans and other organisms. Biologists study interactions between living things and their (our) environment
In order to be considered alive and organism must have the following characteristics living things:
Organism: any living individual
8 Common traits:
1. Have cell structure (organized)
Number one (unicellular) to many (multicellular)…
history of two organisms and amino acid differences in comparable proteins.
If two species are closely related in their evolutionary history, there will be few amino acid differences between comparable proteins.
What is phylogeny?
Phylogeny is the study of how living and extinct organisms are related to one another.
What is the goal of evolutionary classification?
The goal of evolutionary classification is to group species into larger categories that reflect lines of evolutionary descent rather…
Commission on Ocean Policy, a working group tasked with the development of what would be known as the “National Oceans Report”
Definition of environmental science & scientific disciplines involved
Interdisciplinary study of human relationships with other organisms.
Major components of blood
Seven basic functions of respiratory system
- delivers oxygen
- expels carbon dioxide…
BIO STUDY GUIDE
DNA STRUCTURE/DNA REPLICATION
6-Watson and Crick: Used Franklin’s and Chargaff’s info to make the first ever accurate DNA model
1-DNA is double helix and is built from nucleotides which consist of a phosphate, a base, and a sugar. The bases include G,C,A,T which are connected by hydrogen bonds. DNA polymerase is also located behind the DNA where bases connect to each other.
4/8-A=T and G=C only these combinations can form hydrogen bonds.
4-A nucleotide consists of a…
able to describe how the major tissue and cell types are organized with the major organs, and how this differs between monocots and dicots as discussed.
Plants have many modifications to their roots, stems, and leaves. Form follows function in biology; be able to describe how these modified forms are related to their function.
Be able to define/explain: cotyledon, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, sclerids, fibers, root, shoot, stem, leaf, blade, petiole, ground tissue, dermal tissue, vascular…
INTRODUCTION AND SCIENTIFIC METHOD (ch 1 and 4)
Biology is the systematic study of life.
Atoms Molecules Cells Tissues Organs Organ system
Population Community Ecosystem Biosphere
Population: a group of individuals of a species in an area
Community: all populations of all species in a given area
Ecosystem: a community interacting with its environment
Biosphere: all regions that hold life
All living things have similar characteristics:
1. Continual inputs…
membrane bound organelles, 3.5 billion years, 1-10mm
Eukaryote: all other cells, nucleus, organelles, 1.5 billion years ago, 2-1000 mm
Data: information collected while experimenting
Biology: study of life
Cells: smallest unit and structure in all living things
DNA: found in chromosomes, contain heredity and information on how to grow, reproduce and live
Sexual reproduction: two organisms make another
Asexual reproduction: when one organism…
a bird doesn't mean you can fly..” a quote my aunt is proud to recite when talking about my cousin Matthew and his disease. A disease that in the next few paragraphs I am going to talk in depth about and share with you my experiences and personal reflections on. Before telling you about my relation and experiences with the disease I am going to talk to you about what Autism really is.
Autism is a type of childhood disorder that appears within the first three years of birth and continues on with…
removing a phosphate group and releasing energy for cellular processes.
There are 92 naturally occurring elements. 25 of them are essential to life.
Reductionism seeks to reduce complex systems to simpler, more manageable components.
Systems biology seeks to understand how all the parts function together.
When the proton number and the electron number are unequal, the atom or molecule is an ion.
The carbon atom is tetravalent; this means that a carbon atom can complete its valence shell…