examin the argument that place can be a souce of inclusion and exclusion for specific communities Essay

Submitted By zhengmei123
Words: 1494
Pages: 6

TMA 03
Part 1
The table given is a statistical recording of the number of people in each ethnic group in the national parks stated, in which are located in England and Wales. It is important to state that all National parks are generally located in the countryside, the peripheral areas, where places such as Lake District National park and Yorkshire Dales National Park are of such examples.
Within the data collection, it is interesting that Whites are classified into 4 main groups, with "English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British" (First category of Whites) being the largest and also the highest ethnic group in the data collected; they make up about 99% of the population that goes to National parks, as seen in:
Northumberland National Park: 1936/1993 people are white
Dartmoor National Park: 32165/33596 people are white
South Downs National Park: 104232/112343 people are white
It is also important to point out the 4th category of Whites ("White: Other White") remains the second highest ethnic minority in all national parks recorded. With this data, there is a clear correlation that the more people there are in a national park; the tendency of increase exists in all ethnic groups. This can be seen from Northumberland National Park with 35 out of 1993 people and South Downs National Park with 3692 out of 112343 people.
Although the first category of white has the highest number of people, through looking at the 2nd category of whites "Irish", it is clear Irish people is an ethnic minority similar to other races. There are 35 Irish people in Exmoor National park and is a similar number like "White and Black Caribbean" (21 people), "White and Asian" (27 people) and "Other Asian" (22 people). This may suggest that Northern Irish and even Scottish and Welsh people are ethnic minorities contained in the 1st category of Whites; English and British being the highest predominant ethnic group in all national parks.
There are anomalies that could potentially identified because they doesn't follow the trend of being proportional to the number of people in a park (Seen from all ethnic minority groups). Using "Gypsy or Irish Traveller as an example, we can see this in the following parks (in increasing population size):
Northumberland National Park - 6 out of 1993
The Broads Authority - 1 out of 6271
Brecon Beacons National Park - 26 out of 33344
Lake District National Park - 7 out of 40770
The only outstanding statistic from this ethnic group that fits the trend is in South Downs National Park, with the highest number of 247 "Gypsy or Irish Traveller" out of 112343 in the table. The distribution of this ethnic group throughout all recorded national parks is more randomized. However looking at population extremes such as Northumberland National Park and South Downs National Park, it is safe to summarize that the trend follows when measuring from larger successions of population increase between different National Parks.

Part 1 word count: 487 words

Part 2
Examine the argument that places can be a source of inclusion and exclusion for specific communities.
A social identity refers to a person's characteristics that makes one an individual; a collective identity however is a category of social identity that includes a number of people of the same traits. People have multiple identities in a way that we are differentiated by our accents, age, gender etc. The collection of a plethora of similar traits in any place creates a society, where the existing people's share of spatial, humanistic values and activities that took place within such area results in the place identity. This thereby makes up the predominant accepting and rejecting rule-set for different people from existing aspects of the place, causing the inclusion or exclusion of communities. However, it is also possible that such inclusion and exclusion of communities to be falsified. Hence in this essay, I will examine different arguments to see to what extent…