Geography Study Guide Essay

Submitted By sportangel
Words: 1926
Pages: 8

Basics of Geography

Continents
Africa
Antarctica
Asia
Australia
Europe
North America
South America
Oceans
Arctic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Population Ranking
1st Asia
2nd Africa
3rd Europe
Size Ranking
1st Africa
2nd Asia
3rd North America

Europe
Peninsulas
Apennine (Italy)
Scandinavian (Norway/Sweden)
Iberian (Spain/Portugal)
Jutland (Denmark)
Balcan (Southern Europe)
European Union
Purpose – to unite Europe to prevent future war and disputes
Currency – Euros
List of Countries in it
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungry
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom

United Kingdom
England
Scotland
Wales
Northern Ireland
Boundaries of Europe
North – Artic
South – Mediterranean
East – Asia
West – Atlantic
Physical Features
North European Plain:
Mountains:
Alps
Pyrenees
Carpathian
Apennine
Ural
Rivers
Thames
Rhine
Danube
Highest Active Volcano – Mount Etna
Major Islands
Iceland
British Isles
Malta
Corsica
Sardinia
Crete
Sicily
Cyprus
Time Periods
Renaissance – Time of Discovery and learning (rebirth)
Advances made were literature, arts, architecture, and science Reformation –Weakened Catholic church and beginning of protestation

Enlightenment – started political and economical changes
Example: French revolution and English Bill of rights
Industrial Revolution – brought about communism/middle and working class grew with poor working and living conditions
WWII (Holocaust) – from 1939 to 1945 and the major outcome was the holocaust and Europe split
Cold War (Berlin Wall) – was a power struggle between communist and non-communist countries
Ethnic Cleansing
What is it – expelling from a country or killing of rival ethnic groups
Where is it occurred – All over especially places near Germany
What is the difference between North Ireland and Republic of Ireland
North Ireland – Protestant
Republic of Ireland – Catholics
Countries of Europe
Albania
Andorra
Austria
Belgium
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Belarus
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Croatia
Cyrus
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungry
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Kosovo
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Lithuania
Macedonia
Malta
Monaco
Moldova
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Russia
Romania
San Marino
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Sweden
Switzerland
Spain
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Vatican City

Africa
Physical features
Atlas Mountains
Congo River
Niger River
Nile River
Zambezi River
Victoria Falls
Sahara Desert
Great Rift Valley
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Serengeti Plain
Countries of Africa
Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria)
Angola (Republic of Angola)
Benin (Republic of Benin)
Botswana (Republic of Botswana)
Burkina Faso
Burundi (Republic of Burundi)
Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon)
Cape Verde (Republic of Cape Verde)
Central African Republic (Central African Republic)
Chad (Republic of Chad)
Comoros (Union of the Comoros)
Côte d'Ivoire (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire)
Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Egypt (Arab Republic of Egypt)
Equatorial Guinea (Republic of Equatorial Guinea)
Eritrea (State of Eritrea)
Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia)
Gabon (Gabonese Republic)
Gambia (Republic of The Gambia)
Ghana (Republic of Ghana)
Guinea (Republic of Guinea)
Guinea-Bissau (Republic of Guinea-Bissau)
Kenya (Republic of Kenya)
Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho)
Liberia (Republic of Liberia)
Libya (Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)
Madagascar (Republic of Madagascar)
Malawi (Republic of Malawi)
Mali (Republic of Mali)
Mauritania (Islamic Republic of Mauritania)
Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius)
Morocco (Kingdom of Morocco)…