tda Teaching assistant .2.2 Essay

Submitted By Tarling1
Words: 829
Pages: 4

Child and young person development
1.1
Age Physical Development Communication & intellectual development Social, emotional & behavioural development
0 - 6 month • Grows rapidly
• Control of eye movement
• Develops motor control :
 Rolling over
 Sits up
 Balance head
• Grasps object • Learns through senses
• Babbles in syllables
• Crying when hungry or tired • More responsive to mother
• Smiles/ Gazes at faces
• Likes to be played with
• Likes to be hold
• Fear when hearing sudden movement/ sound/ seeing a person

6 month – 2 years • Gross motor skills developing by crawling, walking
• Fine motor skills starting to develop Holding and grabbing, pulling and pushing things
• Begin walking
• Puts everything into their mouths
• Begins teething
• Can holds cups, begin to feed themselves
• Takes of clothes

• Learns through senses especially through mouth
• Puts things in and out of mouth, boxes, cupboards etc
• Begins to understand familiar words;
 Bye-bye
 Hi
• More curious
• Able to say names of common objects
• Begin to enjoy songs & rhymes
• Knowing how get attention i.e. when crying, gets cuddles
• Facial expressions • Finds mum important
• Talks to you using babbling words
• Wont play nicely with other infants
 Push
 Pull
 Poke etc
• Becomes unhappy with primary caregiver/ mother when they leave
• Draws away from strangers
• Needs to feel love
• Learning trust
• Temper tantrums
• Frustrated when can’t explain
• Listening Skills develop, answering when called their name or when to stop and go

3 – 5 years • Fine and gross motor skills developing by picking up small objects with hands holding pens drawing faces
• Strengthening muscles in the hands to improve in writing and drawing skills
• Eats with spoon
• Helps self dress
• May stutter
• Active
• Physically aggressive • Curious
• Uses 3-4 word sentences
• Uses imaginations
• Has nightmares
• Imaginary friends
• Active fantasy life
• Creativity • Follows instructions i.e. stop and start
• Dislikes strangers
• Imitates & attempts to participate in adult behaviour
• Listening to stories
• Do activities with others
• Begins to notice differences
• Develops some independence
• Enjoys praises
• Fears mothers/ primary care givers departure
• Dependant on approval, love & praise
• Shy / bossy
• Become aware of what is right & wrong
• Blames other infants for their wrong doings

6 – 11 years • Becomes more independent and capable of managing simple everyday tasks
• Occasionally wet their selves
• Drawing, painting
• Minor accidents
• Nervous habits
• Wants to know the reasons for things
• use scissors independently
• use scissors independently
• Puberty starts around 8 year old for most girls, boys slightly later between 12-14
• Growing motor skills by playing sports, riding bike, playing • Follows instructions
• Knows numbers, colours & alphabets
• Wants to know everything
• Read & writes
• Eager for learning
• Likes to be challenged
• Demand attention
• Makes friends very easily
• Always alert
• Fluent speakers • Copies adults
• Like praises
• Likes more responsibilities
• When doesn’t like school they feel nausea
• ‘tattle tale’
• Wants to be a winner
• Fear of dark, dogs, falling etc
• Concerned with pleasing adults
• Easily embarrassed
• Complaining
• wishes to be perfect
• avoid doing wrong doings
• cheerful
• have secrets
• may have trouble concentrating in school
12 – 15 years • Puberty starts around 8 yr. old for most girls, boys slightly later between 12-14
• Height increases, facial changes taking place
• Body changes – maturity
• Sexual desires increases
• Rapid growth
 Muscular
 Height
• Acne
• More concerned with appearance
• Growing motor skills by playing sports, riding bike, playing instruments, taking dance lessons etc • Start to get interested in earning money
•…