Essay about US History Study Guide

Submitted By amm98
Words: 5991
Pages: 24

Honors US History I
Proclamation 1763

Americans must stay on the East side of the Appalachian Mountains.

Imposed by British
Olive Branch Petition

Last petition to British to leave the U.S. alone
Stamp Act

All federal documents must be approved and stamped with British Stamp
Saratoga

U.S. (Gates) defeated British at Saratoga, NY

French arrive and help
Treaty of Paris 1763

borders are: Canada (North) to FL(South) and Mississippi R (West) to Atlantic (East)

U.S. Citizens still have to pay back British creditors

U.S. has fishing rights off of coast of Canada
Causes of American Revolution

Taxation without Representation (Acts)

Standing Armies (Boston Massacre, Lexington and Concord)
Quartering Act

British can stay in America's homes without asking
Sugar Act

Allowed British to search American ships for smuggled goods
Sons of Liberty

Radical Americans against British led by Samuel Adams and Hancock
Townshend Act

Put tariffs on glass, paper, paint, etc.
Boycott

Don’t buy a specific good from a specific seller
First Continental Congress

Started talking about rebellion against British

Said they would meet again in the next year
Boston Tea Party

Sons of Liberty dumped British Tea into the Boston harbor

Response to Tea Act
Boston Massacre

British killed “innocent” Americans gathered in the Boston Common

Deceiving engraving done by Paul Revere
Intolerable Acts

Issued after Boston tea Party

Closing of the Boston Port
Committees of Correspondence

“Lets meet in the Continental Congress”
Lexington and Concord


Example of Standing Armies

British after Hancock and Adams (Sons of Liberty)

British wanted to blow up arms in Concord

British defeated on march back because Americans attacked from the winderness
Inalienable Rights

Life, Liberty, and Property (Pursuit of Happiness)

Rights uncontrolled by laws
Richard Henry Lee

Best known for the motion in the Second Continental Congress calling for the colonies' independence from Great Britain
Princeton and Trenton

Trenton
-­Americans attacked British on December 26, 1776
-­British weren't prepared, U.S. won

Princeton
-­U.S. (Washington) chased Britsh
Battle of Yorktown

Cornwallis (British) set up camp in Yorktown

Americans and French (Rochambeau) blocked British from retreating

French Sea (DeGrasse) blocked British from leaving by sea
Common Sense

Thomas Paine

Americans should go to war with British because the British are oppressing the
Americans
Valley Forge

Cold

Washington's forces sick and dying
Bunker Hill

Britain (lead by Howe) defeated Americans through several advances to the fort
Natural Rights

Rights not contingent on laws from the government
Articles of Confederation

No strong central government

Unanimous consent needed to pass laws and to tax

No internal revenue because no states wanted taxes
Land Ordinance of 1785

Sets up how Northwest territory will be distributed

36 square mile blocks (1 square mile squares available to buy)
Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Land will be divided into 3-­5 terretories

5,000 residents needed to form government

60,000 residents needed to apply for statehood

No slavery

Delegated Powers

Powers only Federal Government has
Reserved Powers

Powers only State Governments have
Concurrent Powers

Powers shared by both Federal and State Governments
Elastic Clause

Congress can pass anything deemed Necessary…